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Rapsfeld mit Zug im Hintergrund

Rail and nature

Sustainability and protection of the diversity of species. Healthy habitat for people, animals and plants. The ÖBB infrastructure promotes responsible, sustainable, environmentally-friendly mobility.

Important habitat

The areas we own alongside the railway are important habitats and retreat areas for many animals and plants. We manage 2,700 hectares of protective forest, look after railway embankments and rocky surfaces and implement measures to conserve the biodiversity.

Weide mit Kühen

Natural hazard management

When it comes to railway security requirements, we consider our environment particularly carefully. In a mountain region like Austria with 5,000 mountain torrents and 3,700 known avalanche points, railway lines pass through many areas affected by natural hazards. Vital, stable forest stands, avalanche barriers and torrent controls protect our rail infrastructures from flooding, mud flows and avalanches.

Landscape planning

Even before the start of construction work in major projects we created ecological compensation areas, so that animals and plants can quickly colonise their new habitats on the land and in the water. Once construction is finished, we return areas no longer required to nature and plant them. Specific measures include laying out ponds and swales, forestation, marsh areas and reed beds, migration facilities for fish and amphibians or wildlife tunnels.

Teich mit Bahnstrecke im Hintergrund